2016 -Surrogacy: Forging a Legal & Policy Framework for Ireland, March 12


Professor Susan Golombok, Director of the Centre for Family Research, University of Cambridge

Susan Golombok is Professor of Family Research and Director of the Centre for Family Research at the University of Cambridge. Her research examines the impact of new family forms on parenting and child development, specifically lesbian mother families, gay father families, single mothers by choice and families created by assisted reproductive technologies including in vitro fertilisation (IVF), donor insemination, egg donation and surrogacy. Her research has not only challenged commonly held assumptions about these families but also has contested widely held theories of child development by demonstrating that structural aspects of the family, such as the number, gender, sexual orientation, and genetic relatedness of parents, is less important for children’s psychological wellbeing than the quality of family relationships. Professor Golombok has authored many books and academic papers including her most recent book Modern Families: Parents and Children in New Family Forms (Cambridge University Press, 2015).


Dr Kirsty Horsey, Senior Lecturer in Law, University of Kent

Kirsty Horsey is a Senior Lecturer in Law at the University of Kent. She has been interested in and actively researching surrogacy law – and advocating reform – for 18 years, since beginning her PhD research on legal parenthood following the use of surrogacy and other forms of assisted conception. Dr Horsey is the author of ‘Surrogacy in the UK: Myth busting and reform’, the Report of the Surrogacy UK Working Group on Surrogacy Law Reform which was published in November 2015.


Deirdre Fottrell QC

Deirdre Fottrell has particular experience of families created via assisted human reproduction, having acted in the leading case of Re G [2012] EWCA Civ 1233. She is an expert on the interplay between the Human Rights Act 1998 and family law and has appeared in numerous reported cases in which these issues have been considered. She has appeared at all levels of court in the UK including the Supreme Court and she has represented clients in applications before the European Court of Human Rights. In addition to her family and civil law practice, Deirdre is a lecturer in International Human Rights Law at the School of Law, University of Essex.


Dr Andrea Mulligan, Adjunct Lecturer, School of Law, Trinity College Dublin, and Barrister-at-Law

Andrea Mulligan is an Adjunct Lecturer at the School of Law, Trinity College Dublin, and a practising barrister. Her doctoral research focused on the regulation of reproductive technologies in Ireland. She also holds a Master’s Degree from Harvard Law School, where she concentrated on Bioethics and Constitutional Law.

Andrea currently lectures on the LL.M programme at TCD, teaching courses in Medical Law and Law and Bioethics. As a barrister she practices in the fields of medical law, child law, and public law/judicial review, with a specialisation in surrogacy and assisted reproduction.


Professor Deirdre Madden, School of Law, UCC

Deirdre Madden has research interests and publications primarily in the area of medical law and ethics. She has a Master’s degree on surrogate motherhood and a PhD on the law relating to assisted reproduction. She was called to the Bar in 1989.

Her books include Medicine, Ethics and the Law (Bloomsbury 2nd ed. 2011) and Medical Law (Kluwer 2010). Professor Madden has been an Expert Evaluator on ethics for the European Commission for more than 10 years and a member of the Research Ethics Committee for the National Longitudinal Study of Children in Ireland. She was also a member of the Commission on Assisted Human Reproduction.


Dr John Danaher, Lecturer in Law, School of Law, NUIG

John Danaher is a Lecturer in Law at NUIG. His research interests lie, broadly, in the areas of philosophy of law and emerging technologies and law. He maintains a blog called Philosophical Disquisitions ( http://philosophicaldisquisitions.blogspot.ie/ ), and he also writes for the Institute for Ethics and Emerging Technologies.

John's research interests are in the areas of legal philosophy, emerging technologies and the future of human society. His PhD dealt with the impact of advances in neurosciences for theories of criminal responsibility. He has since focused on human enhancement technologies; philosophy of punishment; and robotics and the future of work. John is interested in the ethical questions surrounding surrogacy.


Dr Brian Tobin, Lecturer in Law, School of Law, NUIG

Brian Tobin is a Lecturer in Law at NUIG. He holds LL.B, LL.M and PhD degrees from Trinity College Dublin. Brian’s PhD thesis examines the socio-legal assimilation of same-sex family structures in Ireland, and how adequate laws governing assisted human reproduction can facilitate this process.

In April 2014, Brian was invited to Leinster House to provide expert testimony on the assisted reproduction provisions contained in the General Scheme of the Children and Family Relationships Bill before the Oireachtas Joint Committee on Justice, Defence and Equality. He has published academic papers on alternative families in leading peer-reviewed journals and has presented internationally on issues pertaining to same-sex couples and surrogacy.


Ms Hayley Mulligan, Doctoral Fellow, School of Law, NUIG

Hayley Mulligan is a Doctoral Fellow at the School of Law, under the supervision of Professor Donncha O’ Connell. Hayley’s PhD research focuses on gestational surrogacy arrangements, and examines how law reform can adhere to the principles of ‘Reproductive Justice’ in the national, international, and transnational contexts. Of particular interest to her research is the complex intersectionality of gender equality, and equality of access to reproductive technologies in light of legal, social, and scientific developments.

Hayley holds an LL.M in International Human Rights Law from the Irish Centre of Human Rights where she received first class honours for her dissertation: ‘Who’s Your Mama? The Implications of Determining Parentage in International Law Following Transnational Surrogacy arrangements’. She also holds a BA in Public and Social Policy from NUIG. Hayley was awarded the title of University Scholar at NUIG in 2009/10 and 2010/11.