2016 - The Mary Robinson Centre International Symposium July 1-2
Speakers

MARY ROBINSON, former President of Ireland and UN High Commissioner for Human Rights


Mary Robinson, the first woman President of Ireland (1990-1997), former United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (1997-2002), and founder and President of Realizing Rights: The Ethical Globalization Initiative (2002-2010), has spent most of her life as a human rights advocate.  Most recently, she served as Special Envoy of the UN Secretary General to the Great Lakes region of Africa (2013-2014) and currently serves as the UN Secretary-General’s Special Envoy on Climate Change (since August 2014).  Born Mary Bourke in Ballina, County Mayo (1944), the daughter of two physicians, Mary Robinson was educated at the University of Dublin (Trinity College), King’s Inns Dublin and Harvard Law School to which she won a fellowship in 1967. As an academic (Trinity College Law Faculty 1968-90), legislator (Member of the Irish Senate 1969-89) and barrister (Irish Bar 1967-90, Senior Counsel 1980; called to the English Bar 1973) she sought to use law as an instrument for social change, arguing landmark cases before the European Court of Human Rights and the European Court in Luxembourg as well as in the Irish courts. A committed European, she also served on expert European Community and Irish parliamentary committees. In 1988 Mary Robinson and her husband founded the Irish Centre for European Law at Trinity College. Ten years later she was elected Chancellor of the University. The recipient of numerous honours and awards throughout the world including the Presidential Medal of Freedom from President Obama, Mary Robinson is a member of the Elders, former Chair of the Council of Women World Leaders and a member of the Club of Madrid. She serves on several boards including the European Climate Foundation, the Mo Ibrahim Foundation, and is a member of the Royal Irish Academy and the American Philosophical Society.  She currently serves as President of the Mary Robinson Foundation – Climate Justice and is a member of the board of The Mary Robinson Centre.


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NOELEEN HEYZER, formerly Head of UNIFEM and Executive Secretary of the UN Economic and Social Commission for Asia Pacific (ESCAP)


Dr. Noeleen Heyzer was the former United Nations Under-Secretary General (2007-2015). She was the first woman from outside North America to head the United Nations Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM) becoming its longest serving Executive Director for 13 years (October 1994–August 2007). She was the first women Executive Secretary of the UN Economic and Social Commission of Asia and the Pacific since its founding in 1947. During her term (2007-2014) she focused the Commission on regional co-operation for a more resilient Asia-Pacific, founded on shared prosperity, social equity, and sustainable development. She was also the United Nations Secretary General’s Special Adviser for Timor-Leste, working to support peace-building, state-building, and sustainable development in fragile states. During her leadership of UNIFEM, the organisation assisted over 100 countries in the formulation and implementation of legislation and policies that promote women's security and human rights. This resulted in the removal of discriminatory practices, changes in inheritance laws for women, better working conditions for migrant workers, full participation for women in several peace negotiations and electoral processes including in Liberia, Rwanda, Burundi, the Democratic Republic of Congo, South Sudan, and Timor-Leste, and the inclusion of women as full citizens in the constitution of Afghanistan.
Noeleen Heyzer played a critical role in the Security Council's adoption and implementation of the landmark Resolution 1325 (2000) on Women, Peace and Security, formally presenting the issues to the Security Council. She and her team organized the “Arria Formula” meeting for women from conflict-affected countries to engage for the first time with the Security Council on peace and security.  She was appointed technical advisor to the President of the Security Council during the drafting of SCR1325 and undertook extensive missions to conflict-affected countries worldwide to help with its implementation.  Noeleen Heyzer has served on numerous boards and advisory committees of international organizations, including the UNDP Human Development Report, UNDP Eminent Persons Group on Trade and Sustainable Development. She was a founding member of several international women’s networks and has published extensively on gender and sustainable development issues; globalization, international migration and trafficking; women, peace and security. She convened and chaired the International Women’s Commission for a Just and Sustainable Palestinian-Israeli Peace and was on the High-level Commonwealth Commission on Respect and Understanding chaired by Nobel Laureate Prof. Amartya Sen. She was also the chairperson of the Advisory Group on Women's Empowerment in Muslim Contexts: Gender, Poverty and Democratisation from the Inside Out. Noeleen Heyzer has also advised private sector partners such as Macy’s, CISCO, and the Calvert Investment Fund to provide high value employment and market access to women and youth in conflict and disaster-affected areas as well as in the Arab States, setting new standards for ethical investment. She has received numerous awards for leadership, including the Dag Hammarskjold Medal in 2004, for her work on Women, Peace and Security. The First International Recipient of the Aletta Jacobs Prize (March, 2014), University of Groningen, Netherlands, The Woman of Distinction Award (2003) from the UN-NGO Committee on the Status of Women, New York, USA.


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PAUL GILLESPIE, Irish Times Columnist and former Foreign Policy Editor


Dr. Paul Gillespie is a columnist and former foreign policy editor for The Irish Times and an adjunct Senior Research Fellow at the School of Politics and International Relations in University College Dublin. He is a longstanding member of the UK group of the Institute of International and European Affairs (IIEA) and also leads the Institute’s current project on Political Union. He has published widely on British-Irish relations, European integration issues, Irish foreign policy and Europe-Asia relations. Paul Gillespie is widely published, having written academic articles and edited several books. A selection of his works include: ‘Britain and Europe: The Endgame - An Irish Perspective’ (ed. Dáithí O’Ceallaigh and Paul Gillespie, 2015), ‘Blair’s Britain, England’s Europe – A View from Ireland’ (ed. Paul Gillespie, 2000) and ‘Britain’s European Question: The Issues for Ireland’ (ed. Paul Gillespie, 1996).


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GERALDINE FRASER-MOLEKETI, Gender Envoy for the African Development Bank


As the Special Envoy on Gender at the African Development Bank, Geraldine Joslyn Fraser-Moleketi leads a strategy to mainstream gender in the Bank’s policies and operations. Geraldine was previously Director of the United Nations Development Programme’s (UNDP) Democratic Governance Group (DGP). She served as Minister of Public Service and Administration, for two consecutive terms; and was Minister for Welfare and Population Development in South Africa’s first democratic government. Geraldine served as a parliamentarian and a member of the Constituent Assembly responsible for drawing up the South African Constitution adopted on 8 May 1996; she served on various subcommittees of the Constituent Assembly.   She is a fellow of the Institute of Politics, Kennedy School of Government, at Harvard University, and has completed a leadership course at Wharton Business School at the University of Pennsylvania. Geraldine Fraser-Moleketi holds a Master’s Degree in Administration, and has received several awards including the OP Dwivedi Public Service Award from the International Association of Schools and Institutes of Public Administration, and a Special Award for Outstanding Achievement from University of Pretoria’s School of Public Management and Administration. Most recently she was named the “2016 New African Woman of the Year.”
A strong supporter of intergenerational dialogue, Geraldine Fraser-Moleketi mentors young women and men across the continent on leadership and resilience.


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HEATHER GRADY, Vice President, Rockefeller Philanthropy Advisors, San Francisco USA

Heather Grady is a Vice President of Rockefeller Philanthropy Advisors, based in the San Francisco office. She leads the organization's strategy and program development in global philanthropy. Her role includes working with foundations and philanthropists in several countries across the world to create more thoughtful, effective philanthropy. She helped to create and launch the SDG Philanthropy Platform (SDGfunders.org) to encourage philanthropy to engage more meaningfully in the Sustainable Development Goals. Heather Grady tackled community-level and policy challenges first-hand in East Asia, Africa and the Middle East during two decades of development and human rights work, living in settings as diverse as Thailand, Vietnam, China, the Gaza Strip and Sudan. More recently she served as vice president, Foundation Initiatives at The Rockefeller Foundation, overseeing an annual grant-making budget averaging $65 million and ensuring significant impact from strategic initiatives in Asian Cities Climate Change Resilience, Impact Investing, Transforming Health Systems, Equitable and Sustainable Transportation and the Alliance for a Green Revolution in Africa (AGRA). Prior to that Heather Grady was the managing director of Realizing Rights: The Ethical Globalization Initiative, founded by Mary Robinson. Heather Grady holds degrees from the Kennedy School at Harvard and Smith College. She is conversant in Chinese and Vietnamese. She serves on a number of Boards and Advisory Groups including The B Team, the Business and Human Rights Resource Center and SXSW Eco.



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PETER POWER, Executive director, UNICEF Ireland, former Minister of State for Overseas Development


Peter Power is the Executive Director of Unicef Ireland. He has held numerous leadership positions in the private sector, public life and civil society. A qualified solicitor, he was Minister of State for Foreign Affairs between 2008 and 2011 where he represented Ireland at International level including the European Union, the United Nations and the OECD. Previously he was a Governor of the University of Limerick and chaired the Governments Commission on Child Protection which proposed holding a referendum on incorporating Child Rights into the Irish Constitution.

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DIANE ELSON, Emeritus Professor of Sociology, University of Essex, joint winner 2016 Leontief Prize for Advancing the Frontiers of Economic Thought


Dr. Diane Elson is Emeritus Professor of Sociology at the University of Essex, Visiting Professor at the Centre for Research on Women in Scotland’s Economy, Glasgow Caledonian University, and Research Associate of the Center for Women’s Global Leadership, Rutgers University.  She is a member of the UN Committee for Development Policy, and an adviser to UN Women. She served as Vice President of the International Association for Feminist Economics (2004-6). She holds a B.A. in philosophy, politics, and economics from the University of Oxford and a Ph.D. in economics from the University of Manchester.
She has published widely on gender equality, economic policy and human rights. Her early books include Value: The Representation of Labour in Capitalism (1979, reissued 2015) and Male Bias in the Development Process (1991). More recently she has coedited Feminist Economics of Trade (2007), Financial Governance from a Feminist Perspective (2011), Economic Policy and Human Rights Obligations (2011), Harvesting Feminist Knowledge for Public Policy (2011), and Human Rights and the Capabilities Approach (2012). Her latest book is Rethinking Economic Policy for Social Justice, co-authored with Radhika Balakrishnan and James Heintz, forthcoming 2016.  Diane Elson is joint recipient of the 2016 Leontief Prize for Advancing the Frontiers of Economic Thought (with Amit Bhaduri).


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SORLEY McCAUGHEY, Head of Advocacy and Policy, Christian Aid, Ireland


Sorley McCaughey is Head of Advocacy and Policy at Christian Aid. Sorley has led on Christian Aid’s tax work since 2009, establishing the organisation as the foremost NGO working on tax and development in Ireland. He was reappointed this year to the European Platform for Good Tax Governance, a multi stakeholder advisory board to the European Commission. As well as working on the international dimension of tax and development, Sorley McCaughey has also been to the fore nationally in promoting tax as a key human rights issue, bringing together national and international NGOs in pursuit of tax justice. Prior to Christian Aid Sorley McCaughey spent most of the previous decade working at the UNDP, where his area of specialisation was governance, and in particular public sector reform, judicial reform, and anti-corruption programmes. He also has worked for the Norwegian State Overseas Aid Programme at the Norwegian Embassy Mozambique. Sorley McCaughey has an MA in International Relations from Dublin City University and a BA in Sociology and Ancient History from Trinity College Dublin. He also received a certification for Mediation from the Institute of Irish Mediators.

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COLM O’GORMAN, Executive Director, Amnesty International Ireland


Colm O’Gorman is the Executive Director of Amnesty International Ireland.He is the founder and former Director of One in Four, the national non-governmental organisation that supports women and men who have experienced sexual violence. In this role he was instrumental in the establishment of the Ferns Inquiry, the first state investigation into clerical sexual abuse. The inquiry investigated the management of child sexual abuse concerns and allegations by the Catholic Church and by State authorities. Prior to his role with One in Four Colm O’Gorman worked as a psychotherapist in his own practice in London. He has made a number of documentary films, including the BAFTA awarding winning “A Family Affair” (2000), “Suing the Pope” (2002) and “Sex Crimes and The Vatican”, which he presented for BBC Panorama in 2006.  In 2005, Colm O’Gorman helped to establish Gorey Educate Together National School; a multi-denominational, co-educational, child centred and democratically run primary school. He was one of the lead campaigners in the Marriage Equality Referendum held in May 2015. Colm O’Gorman has also served as a member of the Irish Senate, having been appointed as a Senator in May 2007. He is a regular media commentator and contributor, essayist; writing and speaking extensively on social justice and human rights. He is also the author of a best-selling memoir, Beyond Belief (Hodder & Stoughton 2010). He lives in County Wexford with his family.


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JACQUELINE PITANGUY, Founder and executive director of CEPIA (Citizenship, Study, Research, Information, Action), a non-profit dedicated to promoting human and civil rights in Brazil


Jacqueline Pitanguy is the founder and executive director of CEPIA (Citizenship, Studies, Information and Action) a non-governmental organisation dedicated to promoting human and civil rights in Brazil, especially among groups historically excluded from exercising full citizenship. A sociologist and political scientist by training, Jacqueline Pitanguy was a professor at the Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio de Janeiro and at Rutgers University, NJ, USA. From 1986 to 1989, she held a cabinet position as president of the National Council for Women’s Rights (CNDM), designing and implementing public policies to improve women’s conditions in Brazil. In 1990 she founded CEPIA and has been its executive director since then. Jacqueline Pitanguy is also founder of the Civil Society Forum of the Americas and is president of the board of the Brazil Fund for Human Rights.  She is a member of the global leaders network, the Inter-American Dialogue, and of the Board of the Women’s Learning Partnership for Rights, Development and Peace (WLP).  Jacqueline Pitanguy has been decorated with the prestigious Medalha do Rio Branco awarded by the Brazilian Ministry of Foreign Relations and was nominated to the list of 1000 Women for the Nobel Peace Prize. In the 1970s, she was a leading feminist activist in the resistance against military dictatorship and during the 1980s participated actively in the process of re-democratization of Brazil and the defence of women's rights.


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MOUNA GHANEM, Syrian Women’s Forum for Peace and member of the Syrian Women’s Advisory Board to the UN Envoy on Syria


Dr. Mouna Ghanem is the Founder and Coordinator of the Syrian Women’s Forum for Peace and a member of the Syrian Women’s Advisory Board, recently formed to advise Staffan de Mistura, the UN special envoy for Syria.  She is also the Vice- President of the Syrian political movemen,t Building the Syrian State.  Mouna Ghanem is a senior gender advisor with extensive experience in the Arab region. She worked for over a decade as the Deputy Representative for UNFPA in Syria and chaired the Syrian Commission for Family Affairs. She also served as the Regional Director for the United Nation Fund for Women (UNIFEM) in Jordan, Amman and as Deputy Chairperson for the United Nations International Research and Training Institute for the Advancement of Women (INSTRAW). Trained as a medical doctor, Mouna Ghanem holds a diploma in Public Health from the World Health Organization, and a Master of Public Health from Johns Hopkins University.


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MONICA McWILLIAMS, Professor of Women’s Studies, Transitional Justice Institute, University of Ulster


Monica McWilliams is a Professor of Women’s Studies and Research Fellow in the Transitional Justice Institute at Ulster University. She co-founded the Northern Ireland Women’s Coalition political party in 1996 and was elected to the Multi-Party Peace Negotiations (1996-1998) and the Northern Ireland Legislative Assembly (1998-2003). As a signatory of the Belfast/Good Friday Agreement, she is a joint receipient of the John F Kennedy Profile in Courage Award. In January of this year, Monica McWilliams was appointed as a member of a three person panel to develop a strategy on the disbandment of paramilitary organisations in Northern Ireland. She was previously an Oversight Commissioner for prison reform in Northern Ireland and the Chief Commissioner of the Northern Ireland Human Rights Commission. Her published work focuses on human security, political conflict and domestic violence.

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RAY MURPHY, Director (Acting), Irish Centre for Human Rights, NUI Galway


Dr. Ray Murphy is a professor at the Irish Centre for Human Rights, National University of Ireland Galway, Ireland. He completed his B.A. in Political Science and Legal Science in 1979, and then took a Bachelor in Law (LL.B.) degree in 1981. He studied at Kings Inns in Dublin where he completed a B.L. degree and was called to the Irish bar in 1984. He completed a Masters degree in International Law (M.Litt.) at Dublin University (Trinity College) in 1991. In 2001 he completed his Ph.D. in International Law at the University of Nottingham, England. In addition to his position at the Irish Centre for Human Rights, Ray Murphy is on the faculty of the International Institute for Criminal Investigations and Justice Rapid Response. He also conducts training on behalf of the International Committee of the Red Cross, the International Institute for Humanitarian Law at San Remo (Italy) and the Pearson Peacekeeping Center, Canada. Prof. Murphy is a Commissioner with the Irish Human Rights and Equality Commission.  He is a former member and Vice Chair of the Executive Committee of Amnesty International (Ireland). Ray Murphy  is also a member of the Executive Committee of the Association of Human Rights Institutes. In 2014, he was a visiting scholar at Al-Haq, the Palestinian human rights NGO. Ray Murphy was a Visiting Scholar at the Centre for International Law, Al-Haq, Ramallah in 2014. He was awarded a Fulbright Fellowship in 2006 and worked with Human Rights Watch in New York as a resident scholar. In 2007 he was awarded the National University of Ireland, Galway President’s Award for Teaching Excellence, and in 2008 he received the National Award for Excellence in Teaching by the National Academy for the Integration of Research & Teaching & Learning (NAIRTL). Ray Murphy is a former Captain in the Irish Defence Forces and he served as an infantry officer with the Irish contingent of UNIFIL in Lebanon in 1981/82 and again in 1989. He practiced as a barrister for a short period before taking up his current appointment at the National University of Ireland, Galway. He was Chairperson of the Broadcasting Complaints Commission from 1997 to 2000. He has field experience with the OSCE in Bosnia in 1996 and 1997. He has also worked on short assignments in west and southern Africa and the Middle East for Amnesty International, the European Union and the Irish Government.